As in all disciplines of medicine, ophthalmology is no different. “Prevention is the best cure”. There are numerous conditions that are not associated with signs or symptoms. Eye exams are not only about vision, they are about checking the complete health of the eye and surrounding structures. Depending on the age of an individual, routine eye exams should occur every 2 to 4 years in adults.
In children who cannot verbalize the first routine eye exam should take place by six months of age. There are numerous conditions that are undetectable by the casual observer, even an eye doctor, unless a complete and thorough eye examination is performed including placing drops to dilate the pupils and using special equipment to look into the depths of the eye.
While six months of age may seem early for an eye examination it is the only and best way certain ongoing and unnoticeable conditions that can threaten the child’s vision can be detected and treated. Since the neurological system including the eye is in a continually growing and developing process any obstacle to this kinetic development can be easily detrimental. The visual system is malleable and treatable very easily until the age of four after which time it becomes more challenging, and at the age of nine the visual system is totally mature and cannot be altered. Additionally, if signs in your child such as tearing, strabismus, a droopy lid or lids, a head tilt, abnormal pupillary reflex and a head tilt are observed prior to six months of age the first examination should take place at that time.
What to Expect in the Examination
A routine eye examination is a methodical approach to determining the health and possible maladies of the visual system. The examination includes testing for vision (yes even in infants), pupillary reaction, diseases of the lids, lacrimal system, cornea and conjunctiva, the iris, lens and retina. The need for glasses is determined, even in nonverbal children and special testing is performed as indicated for uncovered or suspected diseases of the eye and body. In all cases a complete eye examination should include the dilation of the pupils so that a thorough view of the internal structures particularly the retina and optic nerve can be made possible with a special instrument called the indirect ophthalmoscope. Following the examination recommendations are made by the doctor and the timing of the next visit determined.
Booking Your Routine Eye Examination Today
To schedule an examination for your child or yourself called Dr. Guggino’s office at 813-876-1400. Since 1974 his special way with children has earned him their respect and love.