Glaucoma a condition of the eye that is characterized usually by elevated intraocular pressure producing damage of the optic nerve and therefore loss of vision. Elevated pressure can be caused by numerous mechanisms and in most cases can only be detected by specifically testing for it. In adults most causes of elevation of intraocular pressure are totally painless that is why it is called the “sneak thief of sight”. Generally speaking there are no signs or symptoms of glaucoma until the very late stages when severe and irreparable vision loss has occurred. A particular form of adult glaucoma called closed angle glaucoma is very painful and it is associated with severe ocular pain, headache and vision loss.
Children can be born with glaucoma in which case it is fortunately very visible and obvious as opposed to most glaucomas occurring in adults. The timing of glaucoma treatment in children is immediate while in adults it is not as critical.
Treatment for Glaucoma
Treatment depends on the age of the patient and the severity of the condition. In children the treatment is usually surgical while in adults glaucoma is usually treated with drops and in uncontrollable stages with surgery.