Are you doing anything right this very moment to protect your eyes? Your eyes face many different threats over the years, a number of which can be prevented. Glaucoma is actually the second leading cause of blindness, yet most people don’t realize the severity of the condition or how it can impact vision.
Glaucoma: About Optic Nerve Damage
Glaucoma is a condition that damages your eye’s optic nerve, the nerve that is responsible for transmitting images to the brain. When the optic nerve can’t do its job, your vision becomes compromised. Left untreated, glaucoma can cause blindness in only a few years.
The Leading Cause of Glaucoma
This vision condition is caused by increased pressure in the eye. If eye fluid doesn’t circulate well in the front of the eye, pressure builds up instead of flowing out. This is an inherited problem believed to pass from parents to children. Chances are, if one eye has glaucoma, the other will as well.
Recognize Your Glaucoma Symptoms
Glaucoma is most common in adults over the age of 40, but younger patients are not immune to it. Those of African American and Hispanic descent tend to be more prone to glaucoma, and the same goes for people with diabetes. Glaucoma does not present many obvious symptoms until it’s already become a serious problem, so it’s a tricky condition to diagnose. Most people first notice loss of peripheral vision, and some with intense eye pressure may suffer from eye pain, headaches, and the appearance of halos around lights.
Don’t Wait to Diagnose and Treat Glaucoma
Only a comprehensive vision test with dilated pupils can diagnose glaucoma. An eye doctor like Dr. Guggino at Guggino Eye in Tampa Bay will focus on the optic nerve and perform a check for eye pressure and loss of side vision. The exam is simple, quick, and completely painless.
Once glaucoma has been diagnosed, it can be treated with eye drops, laser surgery, or microsurgery. Eye drops can reduce the formation of fluid in the front of the eye or even increase its outflow to relieve pressure. Laser surgery, meanwhile, increases outflow to eliminate the problem. Microsurgery has a similar effect, but is done by creating a new channel to drain the fluid. Dr. Guggino offers personalized and compassionate glaucoma care, so call (813) 773-3061 to make your appointment today.